Sparring is the term used to describe when 2 (or more) Taekwon-Do students engage in defensive and offensive application of techniques between each other. Some sparring hardly involes touching the other student. Other sparring is light contact.
In ITF Taekwon-Do, sparring is broken into five main areas:
The first four of these enable the student to practice a range of techniques, balance, control, timing, precision, distance, flexibility and stability, all essential elements of Taekwon-Do. When a good level of these have been achieved, they can be put to use in free sparring, where there is no set routine and the aim is to score points against your opponent.