Used to call the students to attention and instruct them to form the attention stance, most commonly before bowing.
Used after the attention command to instruct the students to bow. Bowing is a sign of courtesy.
Instructs the students to form the correct ready position.
Instructs the students to commence the exercise.
Instructs the students to stop their performance and remain where they are, such as in free sparring.
Instructs students to return to their original position.
Instructs the students to relax with their feet in a parallel ready stance and their hands behind their back.
Informs the students that they are dismissed.
Instructs the students to pause and separate during free sparring.
Used after the haechyo command to instruct the students to continue sparring.
In Your Own Time
Instructs the students to perform the exercise at their own pace.
In My Time
Instructs the students to perform the exercise on the instructors count.
Instructs the students to step forwards when performing the exercise.
Instructs the students to step backwards when performing the exercise.
Instructs the students to turn around 180 degrees.
(as in right/left side)
Stepping to the Right
Instructs the students to step to the right when performing the exercise.
Stepping to the Left
Instructs the students to step to the left when performing the exercise.
Instructs the students to turn around 180 degrees on the spot.
Instructs the students to form the technique on the spot, without moving forwards or backwards.
Instructs the students to turn in a clockwise direction.
Instructs the students to turn in an anti-clockwise direction.
(as in fast-motion, continuous motion etc. when being instucted as to which motion to use to perform a technique)
Techniques performed in fast motion are carried out in quick succession on the one count with half a sine-wave in between. There is a separate exhalation on each technique.
Techniques performed in slow motion are carried out in a slow and controlled manner.
Techniques are performed on the one count, with only one breadth and one sine-wave motion.
Techniques are performed on the one count, with one sine-wave per technique and one controlled breadth.
Two or more techniques performed with the same hand or foot.
The body is full-facing the opponent.
The body is half-facing the opponent.
The body is side-facing the opponent.
Change from a left stance to a right stance or vice versa.
A warning is issued when a minor offence is committed.
A foul is issued when a major offence is committed.
A disqualification may occur after an extremely serious offence is committed.
Stop the Time
Used by the referee to stop the time.
Used to call the red competitor.
Used to call the blue competitor.
When stating the colour of the winner, as in 'red winner'
Used to indicate the red is the winner.
Used to indicate that blue is the winner.
Adjust Training Suit
Release from a Grab
Training suit (white uniform)
High (Shoulder Level and Above)
Middle (From Waist Level to Shoulder Level)
Low (Waist Level and Below)
Solar Plexus (Centre) Line
Vertical line of the body, as in shoulder line/chest line etc.)
Middle Knuckle Fist
Fore Knuckle Fist
Ball of Foot (Front Sole)
Reverse Foot Sword