Useful Korean words/phrases

 


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Category: Commands

Charyot

Attention

Used to call the students to attention and instruct them to form the attention stance, most commonly before bowing.

Kyong Ye

Bow

Used after the attention command to instruct the students to bow. Bowing is a sign of courtesy.

Junbi

Ready

Instructs the students to form the correct ready position.

Si Jak

Start

Instructs the students to commence the exercise.

Guman

Stop

Instructs the students to stop their performance and remain where they are, such as in free sparring.

Parro

Return

Instructs students to return to their original position.

Swiyo

At Ease

Instructs the students to relax with their feet in a parallel ready stance and their hands behind their back.

Hae San

Dismiss

Informs the students that they are dismissed.

Haechyo

Separate

Instructs the students to pause and separate during free sparring.

Gaesok

Continue

Used after the haechyo command to instruct the students to continue sparring.

Kooryong-opshi

In Your Own Time

Instructs the students to perform the exercise at their own pace.

Kooryongy-macho

In My Time

Instructs the students to perform the exercise on the instructors count.

Nagagi

Step Forwards

Instructs the students to step forwards when performing the exercise.

Duruogi

Step Backwards

Instructs the students to step backwards when performing the exercise.

Dwiro Dora

Turn Around

Instructs the students to turn around 180 degrees.

Orun

Right

(as in right/left side)

Wen

Left

Uro

Stepping to the Right

Instructs the students to step to the right when performing the exercise.

Jaro

Stepping to the Left

Instructs the students to step to the left when performing the exercise.

Gujari Dolgi

Spot Turn

Instructs the students to turn around 180 degrees on the spot.

Gujari Gissool

Spot Technique

Instructs the students to form the technique on the spot, without moving forwards or backwards.

Chigya Ban

Clockwise

Instructs the students to turn in a clockwise direction.

Chigya-bandae Ban

Anti-clockwise

Instructs the students to turn in an anti-clockwise direction.

Dongjak

Motion

(as in fast-motion, continuous motion etc. when being instucted as to which motion to use to perform a technique)

Barun Dongjak

Fast Motion

Techniques performed in fast motion are carried out in quick succession on the one count with half a sine-wave in between. There is a separate exhalation on each technique.

Neurin Dongjak

Slow Motion

Techniques performed in slow motion are carried out in a slow and controlled manner.

Eeojin Dongjak

Connecting Motion

Techniques are performed on the one count, with only one breadth and one sine-wave motion.

Yonsok Dongjak

Continuous Motion

Techniques are performed on the one count, with one sine-wave per technique and one controlled breadth.

Gaesok Dongjak

Consecutive Motion

Two or more techniques performed with the same hand or foot.

Ohnmom

Full-Facing

The body is full-facing the opponent.

Bahnmom

Half-Facing

The body is half-facing the opponent.

Yopmom

Side-Facing

The body is side-facing the opponent.

Bal Pakwa

Switch Stance

Change from a left stance to a right stance or vice versa.


(return to top) | Commands | Competition Terminology | Belt Colours | Numbers | Miscellaneous | Lines and Levels of the Body | Parts of the Body

Category: Competition Terminology

Ju Ui

Warning

A warning is issued when a minor offence is committed.

Gam Jum

Foul

A foul is issued when a major offence is committed.

Sil Kyuk

Disqualified

A disqualification may occur after an extremely serious offence is committed.

Jung Ji

Stop the Time

Used by the referee to stop the time.

Hong

Red

Used to call the red competitor.

Ch'ong

Blue

Used to call the blue competitor.

Sung

Winner

When stating the colour of the winner, as in 'red winner'

Hong Sung

Red Winner

Used to indicate the red is the winner.

Ch'ong Sung

Blue Winner

Used to indicate that blue is the winner.


(return to top) | Commands | Competition Terminology | Belt Colours | Numbers | Miscellaneous | Lines and Levels of the Body | Parts of the Body

Category: Belt Colours

Hayan Ti

White Belt

Noran Ti

Yellow Belt

Nok Ti

Green Belt

Ch'ong Ti

Blue Belt

Hong Ti

Red Belt

Komun Ti

Black Belt


(return to top) | Commands | Competition Terminology | Belt Colours | Numbers | Miscellaneous | Lines and Levels of the Body | Parts of the Body

Category: Numbers

Hana

1

Dool

2

Set

3

Net

4

Tasot

5

Yosot

6

Ilgop

7

Yodol

8

Ahop

9

Yol

10

Yolhana

11

Yoldool

12

Yolset

13

Yolnet

14

Yoltasot

15

Yolyosot

16

Yolilgop

17

Yolyodol

18

Yolahop

19

Samul

20

Sorun

30

Mahun

40

Chiun

50

Yesun

60

Irrun

70

Yodun

80

Ahun

90

Pek

100


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Category: Miscellaneous

Dojang

Training Hall

Dobok Danshun

Adjust Training Suit

Sun Bae

Senior Student

Jappyosol Tae

Release from a Grab

Ti

Belt

Dobuk

Training suit (white uniform)

Sabum

Head Instructor

Bo Sabum

Assistant Instructor


(return to top) | Commands | Competition Terminology | Belt Colours | Numbers | Miscellaneous | Lines and Levels of the Body | Parts of the Body

Category: Lines and Levels of the Body

Nopunde

High (Shoulder Level and Above)

Kaunde

Middle (From Waist Level to Shoulder Level)

Najunde

Low (Waist Level and Below)

Myongchi Son

Solar Plexus (Centre) Line

Kasum Son

Chest Line

Eukke Son

Shoulder Line

Son

Line

Vertical line of the body, as in shoulder line/chest line etc.)


(return to top) | Commands | Competition Terminology | Belt Colours | Numbers | Miscellaneous | Lines and Levels of the Body | Parts of the Body

Category: Parts of the Body

Ap Joomuk

Forefist

Dung Joomuk

Backfist

Yop Joomuk

Side Fist

Joongi Joomuk

Middle Knuckle Fist

Inji Joomuk

Fore Knuckle Fist

Pyon Joomuk

Open Fist

Ghin Joomuk

Long Fist

Mit Joomuk

Under Fist

Sonkal

Knifehand

Sonkal Dung

Reverse Knifehand

Sonbadak

Palm

Sondung

Backhand

Sonkut

Fingertip

Han Songarak

Forefinger

Doo Songarak

Double Finger

Palkup

Elbow

Bandalson

Arc-Hand

Palmok

Forearm

An Palmok

Inner Forearm

Bakat Palmok

Outer Forearm

Moorup

Knee

Balkal

Foot Sword

Ap Kumchi

Ball of Foot (Front Sole)

Dwitchook

Back Heel

Dwitkumchi

Back Sole

Baldung

Instep

Balkal Dung

Reverse Foot Sword

Balkut

Toes

 

Grading

Theory